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Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶

What does Tergar Asia focus on? Established in 2010, Tergar Asia Foundation is the official Non-profit organization for Mingyur Rinpoche in Asia and focus on - Popularize meditation - Benefits all beings with Dharma - Preserve lineage - Actualize teachings 亞洲德噶專注於? 成立於 2010年,是 「詠給明就仁波切」 將古老的禪修練習介紹給現今社會的正式亞洲區非營利組織。亞洲德噶致力 - 普及禪修 - 以法利眾 - 守護傳承 - 實踐教導
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶December 31
仁波切2021新年祝福

2020年的艱辛挑戰提醒我們人生無常,但只要我們不放棄,便能看見無常其實充滿了可能性。在這影帶中,明就仁波切分享他在疫情期間的學習,並鼓勵大家在新的一年能夠繼續從經驗中成長。

Rinpoche’s 2021 New Year message

The challenges of 2020 were an opportunity for us to recognize that life is impermanent. But if we don’t give up, we’ll see impermanence is full of possibilities. In this video, Mingyur Rinpoche shares how the pandemic became a time of growth for him, and encourages us to greet the new year with renewed resolve to learn and grow.

https://youtu.be/EZOXEynnOd8
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶December 20
【Summary of 2020 Tegar Taiwan online course: Meditation and Six Paramitas】
Teaching by Yongey Mingyur Rinpoche
Date: 2020/12/19 19:30 (GMT+8)


Today's talk is about six paramitas.
In Mahayana Buddhism, the practice is composed of three parts. The first is to rouse motivation, or what we call bodhicitta. The second part, or the main practice, is six paramitas. The last part is dedication. Altogether, motivation, six paramitas, and dedication is the complete practice of the Mahayana.

▍ Develop a great motivation: I want to help all beings to recognize their true nature

For anything we do in our life, the most important thing is our motivation. Motivation has the power to lead us to the final destination. The stronger the motivation we have, the more likely we will become successful. In the traditional example, if we want to shoot an arrow, we have to know the target first to be able to hit the target directly. On the other hand, without the target, no matter how skillful or strong we are, the arrow won’t hit anything. Based on modern scientific research, having a sense of purpose and meaningful motivation really helps us to become successful and happy.

In the Mahayana practice, we need to generate motivation—the bigger the better. However, since we cannot do a lot at the beginning, we need to start from smaller actions. Having a great motivation with small steps of action strikes a perfect balance.

What is the greatest motivation? The greatest motivation is wanting to help all beings to be free from suffering and fully recognize their true nature within. For such a purpose, we need to do all kinds of virtuous and meaningful work.

▍The essence of six paramitas is in our mind
Though we don’t have that capacity to help all beings, we accumulate virtue in order to develop that capacity. And the accumulation is that of six paramitas. These six paramitas are involved with actions, but the real essence of six paramitas is in our own mind.

1. Paramita of generosity
The essence of generosity is the mindset of letting go. Generosity is not just giving. If you cannot let go, your giving may not become generosity.

Some people give something and expect twice as much in return. This action is desire. Some people give in front of everybody to show off. This kind of giving comes out of pride. When we see others giving, we might also compete to give due to jealousy. Some people may also do offerings because they wish that their enemy will become jobless or go bankrupt. This type of offering comes from hatred. When people give things such as guns, poisons, or drugs, such giving is based on ignorance.

Giving with the five poisons is not real generosity. The real generosity is giving with loving kindness and compassion.

2.Paramita of ethical conduct
The essence of discipline is the mind of virtue and mind of meaningfulness. It is also helping others or the mind of wanting to help. If we cannot help others, at least don’t harm them. That's what we call non-violence.

3.Paramita of patience
The essence of patience is what we call a mind of resilience. Resilience opens our mind. Without a mind of resilience, small problems become big problems, then everything becomes difficult. On the other hand, with patience or resilience, everything becomes easy.

4.Paramita of joyful efforts
The essence of joyful efforts is what we call ‘a mind of inspiration’, or ‘a sense of purpose and joy’. If we see a value or purpose in anything that we come across, we can naturally connect with our mind. When we start generating interest in things, we will naturally put in efforts and do anything with a joyful mind.

5.Paramita of meditation
The essence of meditation is awareness. I always teach about awareness. Even though the teachings have many different titles, all of them stem back to awareness. Awareness leads us to find real happiness within us. The main teaching in Joy of Living level one is awareness. In Joy of Living level two, the topic is about motivation. Finally, Joy of Living level three talks about wisdom paramita.

6.Paramita of wisdom
The meaning of wisdom is having the mind to recognize the nature of phenomena and the truth. Having wisdom is recognizing the way things truly are.

▍ Combining six paramitas with meditation
When we practice meditation, we have to let go of our busy lives, jobs, and time to be fully dedicated to meditation. We need to let go of the grasp on attachments. This is the essence of generosity.

When you focus on being aware of your breaths, that becomes both a virtue and a discipline.

When meditating, we have thoughts. We let the monkey mind come and let it go, instead of fighting with them. Such practice is patience.

We should continue to develop interests and connect meditation with our mind. Through practicing for a short time, many times, we can use various techniques to cultivate an appreciation for medication. A mind of joyful efforts is a mind that continuously creates interest and keeps things fresh.

Awareness is the samadhi. When we know our breath as it is with awareness, whether it’s shallow breath, deep breath, or peaceful breath... Whatever the nature of the breath, be with it as it is. This is wisdom.

The last one is dedication. At the end of whatever you do, dedicate to all beings to fully recognize their true nature. To summarize, motivation, practicing six paramitas, and dedication, is the complete practice of the Mahayana.

Summary of 2020 Tegar Taiwan online course: Meditation and Six Paramitas by Yongey Mingyur Rinpoche
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶December 20
【 2020台灣德噶線上課程「六度與禪修」開示摘要 】

主講:詠給・明就仁波切
日期:2020年12月19日 晚上七點半(台灣時間)
翻譯:妙融法師

今晚課程的主題是六度波羅蜜,大乘佛教的修持首先是生起「動機」,也就是菩提心,而主要的修持則是「六度波羅蜜」,最後再加上「迴向」,如果有這樣做,就完整地完成了大乘的修行。

▍ 生起遠大的動機 —— 我要幫助眾生證悟自心本性

人生中所做的一切事情,最重要就來自於我們的動機,動機本身就有著力量,可以引導我們達到目標,動機越強也就越容易成功。有個傳統的比喻,若朝靶心射箭自然能射中靶心,但是若沒有靶心,無論射箭技術多好、力氣再大,也因為沒有目標,最終無法擊中任何地方。以現代科學研究來說,如果我們帶著有意義的方向及強烈的動機,對達成目標便非常有幫助。

因此在修持的開始,我們要生起一個動機,動機可以盡量的遠大,但在行為上因為一開始無法做得太多,所以我們需要從小處做起,若帶著遠大的動機,從小處著手,就能得到平衡。

這樣一個偉大、遠大的動機是什麼呢?就是「我要幫助一切眾生覺醒,讓他們完全證悟自心本性。」因為這個目的,所以我要做各種有意義、有功德的事情。


▍六度波羅蜜的精華在於自心

雖然我們現在並不具備幫助一切眾生的能力,但為了未來能具備這樣的力量,因此我們要積聚功德及善行,而主要的修持就來自六度波羅蜜。六度波羅蜜雖然都跟行為有關係,但最重要的精華還是在我們的心。

第一、布施波羅蜜

「布施」核心的意義是有著「能夠捨、放下的心」。布施並不是單純的給予,如果你的心並沒有辦法對這東西真正的放下,即便你給出去了,也不是真正的布施。

譬如有些人給出一個,然後寄望回報,想得到兩個,這是種貪心 ; 又或者在很多人面前做出布施的行為,但是內心是為了想要表現自己,這則是種慢心 ; 看到別人布施,為了競爭也做布施,這就是來自嫉妒; 另外若供養的目的是希望敵人冤家破產、倒霉,這樣的布施就來自於嗔恨心; 又或者你所布施的東西是槍械、毒品,這樣的布施就來自無明、愚癡的心。

帶著五毒的沾染不是真正的布施,若能帶著慈悲的心懷、菩提心,才能夠真正的放下,能夠捨的布施才是真正的布施波羅蜜。


第二、持戒波羅蜜

「持戒」就是「有道德的行為、帶有功德的心」,也就是幫助他人或想要幫助他人,即便我們幫助不了他人,至少也能做到不去傷害,也就是沒有暴力的心。

第三、忍辱波羅蜜

「忍辱」的精華,來自「寬容、包容的心」,如果沒有一個廣闊、寬恕的心,就會覺得這不好那不好,導致到哪都寸步難行,若有一顆敞開的心,走到哪都會感到順暢沒有阻礙。

第四、精進波羅蜜

「精進」也就是「歡喜的努力、帶有啟發的心」,精進的要點是感覺到具有意義,一旦可以在任何事上面看到價值和意義,自然就能與心產生連結,對事情生起興趣,自然而然地就會很努力而且喜悅地去做任何事。

第五、禪定波羅蜜

「禪定」的精華就是「覺知的心」,我的各種課程有著不同的名稱,但最後都回到覺知上。覺知能夠帶領我們去發現本具的快樂,開心禪一階的內容是教導覺知,二階教導的是動機,而三階教導的則是六度中的智慧波羅蜜。

第六、智慧波羅蜜

「智慧」就是「認識萬物的本質和真相的心」,能夠看到一切事物背後的真相。


▍ 六度與禪修的結合

當我們練習禪修的時候,不論你用什麼樣的方法,都需要放下繁忙的生活和工作,同時也要貢獻出時間。要能放下許多的執著,也就符合布施的精神。

當你能夠有紀律的關注、覺知呼吸的時候,這本身就是一種功德,也就是持戒波羅蜜。

在你禪修的時候,有各種念頭來來去去,你不用和它對抗或試圖趕走它,事實上你要保持一種忍耐,這就是忍辱波羅蜜。

你對禪修要持續保持興趣,讓禪修跟你的心產生連結,透過短時間、多次數的練習,試著用不同的方式來培養對禪修的愛好,增長創造力和保持新鮮感,這就是種歡喜的努力,也就是精進波羅蜜。

覺知本身就是禪定波羅蜜。而當你知道著自己的呼吸,不論呼吸是深是淺、平穩不平穩,能夠認識到呼吸原本的狀態,能和呼吸的本質同在,就是智慧波羅蜜。


最後是迴向,不論你做什麼修持,最後要迴向一切眾生都能證悟自心本性。生起菩提心,修持六度波羅蜜,再加上迴向,就是完整的修持了。

( 2020 明就仁波切 台灣德噶線上課程「六度與禪修」12月19日 開示摘要)
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶December 19
溫馨提示,課程今晚香港時間
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶
Tergar Asia 亞洲德噶December 19
Gentle reminder for teaching tonight at HK time